Heart disease is the leading cause of a heart attack and one of several cardiovascular diseases affecting the heart and blood vessel system. Symptoms vary based on the type of heart disease you have. Visit the American Heart Association website for a complete list of conditions and prevention tips.
Adopting healthy lifestyle habits keeps your heart healthy and lowers your risk for heart disease. Here are eight steps to get you started:
- Exercise daily to reduce your risk of heart disease. Physical activity helps to control your weight and reduces your chances of developing other conditions that may put a strain on your heart, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
- Sign up for Walk Around Nevada and track your physical activity.
- Follow a healthy diet that emphasizes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, poultry or fish and low-fat dairy.
- Limit saturated fat, transfat, sodium, red meat, sweets and sugar-sweetened beverages.
- Join our Nutrition Challenge or download our Half My Plate app:
- Your body circulates blood more efficiently when you’re at a healthy weight. Work with your doctor to determine your target body mass index (BMI).
- Call the Nevada Tobacco Quitline at 1-800-784-8669 for free resources and support.
- Meditation, aerobic exercise, yoga and mindfulness training are great ways reduce anxiety and help your heart.
- Get tested at least once every two years to screen for high blood pressure.
- If you’re age 40 or older, or between ages 18-39 with a high risk of high blood pressure, ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading every year.
- Adults should generally have their cholesterol measured at least once every five years starting at age 18. Earlier testing is recommended if you have other risk factors, such as a family history of early-onset heart disease.
- Having diabetes increases your chances of developing heart disease. Consider being screened for diabetes to know if you’re at risk for other heart problems.
Heart disease and stroke are the first and fifth leading causes of death in the United States. Every 43 seconds, someone in the U.S. has a heart attack, and every 4 minutes, someone dies from a stroke. Million Hearts® is a national initiative with an ambitious goal to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017.
We can all do our part in prevention by following the ABC’S of heart disease and stroke:
Appropriate Aspirin Use
Ask your doctor if aspirin will reduce your risk for heart attacks.
Blood Pressure Control
Arm yourself with the knowledge you’ll need to manage high blood pressure. The American Heart Association is a great resource.
- Keep track of blood pressure readings with a blood pressure card and remember to share them with your doctor.
- Reduce your sodium consumption with one of these heart healthy recipes.
- Keep track of your medications on a medication tracker.
- Get active and maintain a healthy weight with our free online programs:
It’s always good to monitor your cholesterol numbers and work with your doctor to reduce your risk for heart attack and stroke.
- If your cholesterol numbers are high, dietary changes may be necessary to reduce your risk. Follow these tips on heart-healthy fats from the American Heart Association.
- For some people, lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough to reach healthy cholesterol levels. Learn more about drug therapy options.
- Download our Know Your Numbers brochure to learn what your target cholesterol numbers should be.
Smokers have twice the risk of heart attack as nonsmokers. Once you quit smoking, your risk for heart attack and stroke declines each year thereafter.
Find more national resources on the Million Hearts website.
Taking the Barbershop Experience Beyond the Chair
In the United States, an estimated 44% of black men are diagnosed with some form of cardiovascular disease. Black men also have an increased risk of stroke. To empower black men to adopt healthier lifestyle choices and reduce their risk for heart disease and stroke we have partnered with three black-owned barbershops to create the Barbershop Health Outreach Project (BSHOP).
The three barbershops, Fair Kutz, Blade Masters, and Masterpiece will offer outreach and education including free blood pressure screenings, health education, and referrals to healthcare providers for those uninsured or without a medical home.
If you are interested in learning more or getting involved, please contact Amineh Harvey at (702) 759-0790 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more information on where to get your blood pressure checked, please check our Community Calendar.
The Barbershop Outreach Project is seeking volunteers to participate in our heart health initiative, measuring blood pressure and providing education in Las Vegas’ barbershop community. Our ideal volunteers will be:
- Health care professionals
- Wellness professional
- Medical students
- Nursing students
For more information email email@example.com.
- The Check it. Change it. Control it toolkit was produced through a collaboration between the Ohio Department of Health and the Ohio Academy of Family Physicians to address high blood pressure and cholesterol specific to African American families. It answers questions about why it is important to track blood pressure and cholesterol, provides tips for improving lifestyle behaviors and questions to ask a doctor. It also offers resources to help track and control blood pressure and cholesterol.