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Diagnosis and Treatment


Tests for pre-diabetes, type 1 and type 2 diabetes

The most common test is Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test although other tests are available. The Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) blood test indicates a person’s average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes.

Tests for gestational diabetes

Screening for gestational diabetes is a routine part of prenatal care. Most health care providers recommend a blood test known as a glucose challenge test between the twenty-fourth and twenty-eighth week of pregnancy — or earlier if at high risk of gestational diabetes.


Picture of insulin testing

Treatments/management for type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Treatment for type 1 and type 2 diabetes primarily involves monitoring blood sugar along with insulin, diabetes medications or both. Treatment is important and should be managed by a doctor.

  • Monitoring blood sugar: Depending on the treatment plan, a person may check and record their blood sugar level several times a week to several times a day. Careful monitoring is the only way to make sure that blood sugar level remains within the target range.
  • Insulin: Anyone who has type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin. Often, insulin is injected using a fine needle and syringe or an insulin pen — a device that looks like an ink pen, except the cartridge is filled with insulin.
  • Oral or other medications: Sometimes other oral or injected medications are prescribed as well.
  • Foot exams: People with diabetes can develop many different foot problems. The LEAP Alliance external link offers tips to keep feet healthy and lists community foot screenings.
  • Eye Exams: Diabetes can cause eye problems and may lead to blindness. Early detection and treatment of eye problems can save someone’s sight. The Get Eye Smart external link website offers tips to keep eyes healthy.

Additional resources to help manage diabetes:

Nevada Diabetes Resource Directory

  • The Nevada Diabetes Association for Children and Adults has created the Nevada Diabetes Resource Directory of doctors in Nevada who specialize in diabetes care. Also included in the directory are low cost clinics, help with medications, support groups and other services available in Nevada.

    Download the 2015 – 2016 directory in English or Spanish. PDF
Picture of a pregnant woman

Treatment for gestational diabetes

Controlling blood sugar level is essential to keeping the baby healthy and avoiding complications during delivery. In addition to maintaining a healthy diet and exercising, a treatment plan may include monitoring blood sugar and, in some cases, using insulin.

A health care provider will monitor a woman’s blood sugar level during labor. If her blood sugar rises, her baby may release high levels of insulin — which can lead to low blood sugar right after birth. Learn more about gestational diabetes from the American Diabetes Association. external link

Treatment for pre-diabetes

For people with pre-diabetes, healthy lifestyle choices can help bring blood sugar level back to normal or at least keep it from rising toward the levels seen in type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight through exercise and healthy eating can help. Sometimes medications are an option for people at high risk for diabetes.

Southern Nevada Health District Link to Website         Viva Saludable    Healthy Southern Nevada