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Cardiovascular Disease

Diagnosis and Treatment


Heart attack patients may be asked to undergo a number of diagnostic tests and procedures. By learning what these tests are and why they’re being done, you’ll feel more confident. These tests are important and help the doctor determine if a heart attack or stroke occurred and how severe it was. The tests help the doctor determine what treatment and lifestyle changes will keep you healthy and prevent serious future medical events.

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To learn more about what diagnostic tests and procedures might be done for a heart attack or stroke, visit the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's external link website.


Treatment for cardiovascular disease depends on the type and severity of disease. Treatment may include:

  • Lifestyle changes: Whether cardiovascular disease is mild or severe, it's likely a doctor will recommend lifestyle changes as part of the treatment. Lifestyle changes include:


If lifestyle changes alone aren't enough, the doctor may prescribe medications to control cardiovascular disease. Medication prescribed may be used to lower blood pressure, thin blood or lower cholesterol.

Medical Procedures or Surgery

If medications aren't enough, it's possible the doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery. For more information on possible procedures for cardiovascular disease and stroke, visit the American Heart Association’s external link website.

Don’t delay getting medical attention. If you are having any cardiovascular disease symptoms, call 911.


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